Hakai Beach Institute: A Science Hub for BC's Central Coast
[Editor’s Note: Often passed, seldom visited by outsiders, British Columbia’s Central Coast is home to the continent’s longest-settled places and most enduring peoples. In 2012, a special team of Tyee Solutions Society reporters spent some time there. What they found there was a land and culture that has thrived for thousands of years. These are some of those stories. This reporting was produced by Tyee Solutions Society in collaboration with Tides Canada Initiatives (TCI). TCI neither influences nor endorses the particular content of TSS’s reporting.]
Eric Peterson is a British Columbia-based biologist who once held research posts at Harvard and McGill University in Montreal. Having made his money in medical imaging, in 2002 he and his partner Christina Munck set up the philanthropic Tula Foundation, which supports research at the Hakai Beach Institute and healthcare initiatives in Guatemala. He also is an investor in The Tyee. In this interview with Jude Isabella originally published in New Scientist, Peterson explains why he created his own institute on a remote Canadian island. And in the accompanying video, Peterson conducts three short tours, filmed by Kai Nagata and Stephanie Brown for Tyee Solutions Society, of Hakai Beach Institute’s eco-tech infrastructure.
Jude Isabella: What drove you to create your own, privately-funded research center, the Hakai Beach Institute?
Eric Peterson: I believe our independence, focus, and long-term commitment will produce great science in a part of the world that deserves attention. I lament that so much science seems episodic and fragmented. I saw in Hakai an opportunity to do definitive work rooted in a specific landscape, over a timescale of decades and across a broad range of disciplines.
JI: You set up Hakai on an island off the coast of British Columbia. Why there?
EP: I know this coast well—my grandparents traveled up and down it by steamer 100 years ago—so I had long known what a jewel Hakai was, an exotic place, a wild place with spectacular beaches, halfway between Vancouver and Alaska. At Hakai we sit on the only deeded land on an uninhabited island, Calvert. The island is 161 square kilometers and is in turn in the middle of an uninhabited 1,200-square-kilometer marine-conservation area. Thanks to our great working partnership with B.C. Parks, this huge and incredibly diverse natural laboratory is at our disposal.
JI: What are you studying at Hakai?
EP: We have a feast of opportunities in marine and terrestrial ecology. We are drawn to phenomena that cross the boundary between those domains, for example the interaction between the bog forests and the food webs in channels and inlets, or our sand ecosystem that links dunes, beaches and underwater sediments.
JI: Is it just ecology that you focus on?
EP: We have come to realize that during the millennia since the ice sheets receded, the sheltered bays and channels near Hakai were home to villages and other sites that are among the oldest and most important on the British Columbia coast. We never expected archaeology to be part of our research, but it turns out to be an essential part of the ecological history of the island.
JI: How about climate and earth sciences?
EP: It goes without saying that, over the coming years, we will monitor how climate change is affecting our ecosystems. We have recently demonstrated our commitment to the earth sciences by commissioning airborne imaging of Calvert and adjacent islands.
JI: What is your day-to-day role?
EP: I am effectively the mayor of a small town—peak population 100—that must create, manage, and maintain its own services: electricity, water, sewers, networks, telecoms, transport, and a supply chain for food and other goods.
JI: In years to come, the Alberta tar sands project could pipe oil to the coast of British Columbia for export. Will that pose a challenge to Hakai?
EP: We’ll still be here whichever way that issue goes. Personally, I think shipping unprocessed tar sands product overseas is bad economic policy and worse environmental policy.
Story by Jude Isabella. Video by Stephanie Brown and Kai Nagata.
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