Library of Congress
This is a map of Ohio and Indiana from 1831, a time when Indians were being removed from their homelands.

Grant Allows Increased Education on Native History in the Midwest

ICTMN Staff
3/15/13

 

Most know the horrific story of the Trail of Tears, but the Ohio Historical Society fears not as many know the history behind the removal of Native Americans in the Midwest.

“Between 1818 and 1838, the American Indians of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois gave up most of their land except for small reserves,” according to the Ohio Historical Society. “The Wyandot alone relinquished title to four and a half million acres. The Miami ceded 6,700,000 acres in Indiana, and 297,000 acres in Ohio.”

Removal conditions were never good—people were packed on overcrowded steamboats, others had to make the entire journey by foot, wagon or horseback. Anyone who put up a fight was tied up to make them easier to transport. Cold, wet weather and inadequate food, clothing and shelter led to sickness and many died along the way.

A three-year grant of $359,994 from the National Endowment for the Humanities will allow the society to educate more people about this history.

The society and its partner, Northeastern Oklahoma A&M Community College, have designed Native Americans in the Midwest: Bridging Cultures at Community Colleges, a cooperative agreement to educate community college faculty on the history of Midwest tribes.

Randall Buchman, a Ohio historian and professor emeritus of history at Defiance College, says the history has been ignored for far too long.

“The story of events after their removal has received very little attention in literature and textbooks,” he told the Defiance College Dispatch before a conference on the removal last year. “To help understand our common heritage in a diverse culture, we need to review and reflect on this chapter of our past. There are contradictory views on the subject, and they point out the need to be examined to give a more complete historical context.”

The grant will allow that. It runs this year through 2015 and will allow the society and Northeastern to host three conferences for community college faculty and administrators where they will be immersed in Native history of the Midwest.

The first conference will focus on Ohio’s Native American history and feature presentations by scholars, a visit to Hopewell Culture National Historic Park, and a discussion about how to teach Native history. It will be held August 12-15 around Columbus, Ohio.

Applications for participation in the three-year program are due by April 5 and open to community college faculty and administrators who teach humanities in Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, or Oklahoma and have an interest in Native American history.

“This grant is an excellent opportunity for OHS to deepen our connections with regional educators interested in understanding Ohio’s historic Native American tribes,” said Sharon Dean, director of museum and library services for OHS, in a press release.

For more information about the program, or to apply visit BCCC-NAM.org.

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Mark Alan Smith's picture
Mark Alan Smith
Submitted by Mark Alan Smith on
As an historian of Carroll County, Indiana I would invite all of you to come to Carroll County and let me show you the areas of the Reserves granted to both Potowatomi and Miami, including Mary Wells. In the Treaty of St. Mary's, there was land granted to the children of Antoine Bondie as well as Mary Wells, and in the Treaty with the Potowatomi(1826) there was land granted to the Burnetts, Cicotts, and William Conner. Please contact me at the Carroll County Historical Society Museum at 1-765-564-3152. Thanks. Mark A. Smith, Coordinator, Carroll County Historical Society Museum.

timoteo's picture
timoteo
Submitted by timoteo on
This is making a great opportunity for more American Indian studies here in Ohio. I am looking forward to continue my studies in this area! Especially that my heritage is Mescalero Apache.

indianmedicine's picture
indianmedicine
Submitted by indianmedicine on
When American Student Bodies are exposed to US History, Native American History was / is excluded.................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................. If you followed "Time Lines" for a given area, the Time Line History should include the Indigenous Peoples, the Immigrated Peoples, who occupied and settled a Geographical Area............................................................................... ................................................................................................................................ I remember in K1-K12 US History, that Eastern US Governmental History was taught; omitting Aboriginal People except for a "thumbnail" reference that they existed and that was the Summary in the History Books.................................. ................................................................................................................................. I would suggest that the current curriculum be reviewed and amended to include significant & valid Aboriginal People that occupied those geographical areas, and what "really" transitioned in the Land besides "Settlers" moving in. ..................................................................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... To say that there was nothing significant to the Knowledge that the NAI Nations,Tribes, Bands, & Villages contributed is foolish; because The Ancient One's left significant evidence for NASA to consider as Factual Evidence of Life off this Planet; as depicted on Canyon Walls, and Desert Floors................ ..................................................................................................................................... Many of The Medicines from "herbal gardens" to Mountain Tops are a foundation for current medicines administered. (See The Fox Fire Series on American Medicine People) ................................................................................... ..................................................................................................................................... The "Apache Bands" are NAI Historically for Strong Medicine People, that Other Nations & Tribes appreciate to this day - Historically significant in Alternative Treatments ............................................................................................. ..................................................................................................................................... So, I would not Re-invent The Wheel; but modify The Wheel of Knowledge too include Native American Peoples and their Significant Contribution in the Time Periods addressed that left them out - and make sure OUR NATIONS YOUNG are exposed to that History that has been left out of their Fathers and Mothers time....................................................................................................... .............................................................................................................................. This can be a Very Good Thing for All.............................................................. ..............................................................................................................................

Eulala Pegram's picture
Eulala Pegram
Submitted by Eulala Pegram on
I hope the crew working on this project is better with language that this article is. That these people "gave up" their land could not be farther from the truth. Just look at how they were removed. No one would voluntarilly chose to even swap land for that kind of treatment, much less choose to endure such a removal.

Lois  DaumXenakis's picture
Lois DaumXenakis
Submitted by Lois DaumXenakis on
There is so much we didn't learn in our schools. We have learned about many races that were killed in other countries. They failed to teach about the pain America caused it own people. People that were here first and we, the white man removed them from their homes and land!
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