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Photo Courtesy Marc Wanamaker/Bison Archives
Lillian St. Cyr as Nat-U-Ritch in a detail of a cast photo for the 1914 silent film 'The Squaw Man.'

The Lillian St. Cyr Story, Part 2: 'Squaw Man' and the Hollywood Years

Angela Aleiss
2/28/14

The Squaw Man opened a century ago -- February 23, 1914, to be exact -- and became a financial success. For Lillian St. Cyr, her role in the 90-minute film would make Hollywood history.

The Squaw Man was co-directed by Cecil B. DeMille and Oscar C. Apfel and based upon the successful stage play by Edwin Milton Royle. The movie’s story of an Indian woman who married a white man and tragically killed herself exposed the problem of social prejudice surrounding Indian/white unions.

RELATED: The Lillian St. Cyr story, Part I

"And I was hired mainly because I was a real Indian rather than an actor," Lillian told the New York World-Telegram in 1935. (It should be noted that Lillian St. Cyr is not related to the burlesque star Lily St. Cyr.)

But her performance stunned veteran actor Dustin Farnum when she so convincingly broke into hysterics for a scene. "In all my years on the stage I never saw anything like it," he told The Moving Picture Word in 1914. "It was absolutely the reverse of everything we have been taught about Indians."

 Lillian’s acting career began years earlier. In 1906, she married the business-savvy James Young Deer (Nanticoke) who discovered that during an era of dime novels and Wild West Shows, he and Lillian could entertain audiences and "pass" for Plains Indians.

Lillian (standing left) with husband James Young Deer at   Bison, 1910.  Photo Courtesy Marc Wanamaker/Bison Archives.

 So the couple joined 100 or so (Lakota) Sioux Indians at New York City's enormous Hippodrome Theatre as part of the "Pioneer Days: A Spectacle Drama of Western Life." Together they reenacted stagecoach battles and performed the Ghost Dance against a breathtaking orange moon.

When the pair teamed up with Chief [Sherman] Charging Hawk, they posed as "authentic" Sioux Indians from the Pine Ridge Agency and regularly entertained at Manhattan’s social clubs. Lillian, now "Princess Red Wing," became Charging Hawk’s 16-year-old niece and serenaded audiences with "My Navajo" and "Arrowana."

Lillian (center, left) at Bison with husband James Young  Deer, 1909. Photo Courtesy Marc Wanamaker/Bison Archives.

Back then, these performances were one way for Native people to assert their own cultural identity. Both Young Deer and Lillian knew white America’s expectations and adapted as a means of survival.

 The couple soon captured the attention of early filmmakers who capitalized on the Western formula and churned out one- and two-reel "shorts" every week. Kalem’s The White Squaw (1908) was possibly Lillian’s first short film. A year later, D.W. Griffith hired the pair as actors and technical advisors for two of his Indian tales.

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