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What was very interesting was the Y-chromosome (passed from father to son) results, which was not reported in the press.

DNA Politics: Anzick Child Casts Doubt on Bering Strait Theory

Alex Ewen
3/11/14

Scientists from the University of Copenhagen and Texas A&M have analyzed the DNA of the remains of a young boy ceremonially buried some 12,600 years ago in Montana. Their new data sheds light on the ancestry of one of the earliest populations in the Americas, known as the Clovis culture, but also rekindles the debate over the ethics of handling ancient remains and the political consequences of scientific studies of Indian peoples. It also undercuts recent attempts by archaeologists to deny the antiquity of Indians and thus avoid the political and legal repercussions of disturbing ancient burial sites or mistreating ancient human remains.

The analysis, published last month in Nature, shows that today’s indigenous groups spanning North and South America are genetically related to the early peoples who roamed this continent, overturning previous, controversial findings by scientists and the courts. Over the past 15 years a subtle shift has occurred in the nomenclature of the oldest period in America’s prehistory. Whereas previously the inhabitants of this hemisphere in the period before 8,000 BC were known as Paleoindians (Ancient Indians), starting in 1999 a number of archaeologists began to insist on referring to them as Paleoamericans (Ancient Americans).

RELATED: More Reasons to Doubt the Bering Strait Theory

According to these archaeologists, recent scientific studies cast doubt on whether these ancient peoples were related to modern Indians. The change in terminology was needed to “avoid an inference of biological continuity between the current Native American populations and the earliest populations.”

There were concerns from some quarters that the change was due less to science and more to politics. It did not go unnoticed that the principle advocates for the term Paleoamerican were the archaeologists Robson Bonnichsen, the director of the Center for the Study of the First Americans at Texas A&M University, and Richard Jantz, director of the Center for Forensic Anthropology at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Both had also been lead plaintiffs in the famous suit brought by archeologists against the federal government, Bonnichsen, et al. v. United States, et al., otherwise known as “Kennewick Man.”

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greenriverkate's picture
greenriverkate
Submitted by greenriverkate on
This "thinking" has changed many times in just my 69 years. OK. The last time I heard, all people came from one black woman in Africa. BUT, you don't hear this when referring to Europeans or Chinese. Why is it only Natives came from some place else when it appears, ALL came from Africa???? Where did the Natives on far reaching Islands come from???? They just floated around for a few years and hit on an Island. I have never bought into the idea that Natives always came from somewhere else! Just how do you qualify as to the status of where you came from, by years? Come on, this country was Native country, period, the end!!!

haslip-viera's picture
haslip-viera
Submitted by haslip-viera on
Did Ewen contact Michael Waters and his colleagues in an effort to obtain a response to his comments on the y-chromosome? The inclusion of their response would have been helpful to readers of this article. Ewen also states that "Genetic studies have consistently shown that Indian DNA is very ancient...longer than 15,000 years." Which studies are these? They would also be helpful to readers of this journal. Also, the early 50,000BP (etc.) dates for excavations completed in Brazil and at the Topper site in South Carolina remain highly speculative at this point.
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