Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.
This image from the Library of Congress shows two men seated at tables taking the Census at Standing Rock Agency in South Dakota. It was taken between 1880 and 1900.

11 Places to Search for Native American Ancestors

Myra Vanderpool Gormley

Indians in World War II

Native Americans played the same role as many other Americans who entered into World War II. They enlisted, fought in battles, suffered wounds, many were killed, some were captured, and some received medals. This manuscript—available at—provides stories of these brave men and women who fought during World War II; casualty lists, POWs and KIAs. It also takes a brief look at the important Navajo code talkers role in the war.

Six grandsons of the Reverend Ben Brave, Sioux Indian. Top: S-Sgt. Judson Brave; Center: S-Sgt. Francis Brave, S-Sgt. Waldron Frazier, Cpl. Alexander Brave: Bottom: Ronald and Donald Frazier. (

Native American History and Genealogy

Check out the links on this page to such topics as Indian Tribes of U.S., Black Genealogy, Cemetery Records, Census Records, Databases and Military Records.

The Dawes Rolls

This roll lists those accepted between 1898 and 1914 by the Dawes Commission as members of these five Indian tribes: Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole. A link to the rolls is available here.

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Sharla Laurin
Sharla Laurin
Submitted by Sharla Laurin on
When looking through the census forms, including the Indian Census forms and the Special Indian Census forms, it can be helpful to look through every single year, even though it may seem that the same information is recorded year after year. In my experience of doing the research for a whole extended family, in most years, the same minimal information was recorded, but then when I least expected it, suddenly there would be an Indian name in the proper column for it. It seems the census takers most of the time didn't think this was important or the relatives were not wanting to share the information. Also, looking across the whole page, and on a few pages before and after the one where you find your relative will often reveal other relatives you may not have known about. Really, the Indian Census Forms are so full of information, but you have to put in the time to pull it all out.

howard leslie's picture
howard leslie
Submitted by howard leslie on
My grandma was taken off the Reservation as a baby and given to a white family in Va.around 1895. How in the world do I find her?

cptdisgruntled's picture
Submitted by cptdisgruntled on
Any tips for finding information on Native ancestors in Canada?

vinnetta46's picture
Submitted by vinnetta46 on
My ancestorsr hail from Hyde County, NC site of one of the earliest reservations in US history. After the Tuscarora War end in 1715 the shattered coastal tribes were given permission to settle in the Lake Mattamuskeet area. The original reservation contained more than 10,000 acres. Hyde County chose to list descendants of these tribes on census records as free people of color. Family history tells me my ancestors were members of this reservation. How can I locate info as to which one of the many tribes including Machapunga (Mattamuskeet), Bay River, Pamlico, and Neuse Coree, Woccon, Hatteras and perhaps other small coastal groups in the war my family belonged to?