NDSU to Establish American Indian Public Health Resource Center
A university is using its three-year, more than $1.4 million grant from the Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust, plus a match of more than $720,000 from the North Dakota Higher Education Challenge Fund, to establish the American Indian Public Health Resource Center.
The resource center is meant to improve American Indian public health programs, and North Dakota State University is targeting North Dakota tribes whose disease and death rates significantly exceed that of the general population, university officials said when announcing the project on June 18. The center will be part of NDSU’s Master of Public Health program, the only program in the country with an American Indian specialization.
“The American Indian population in the Northern Plains has some of the worst health disparities in the nation,” said Donald Warne, director of the Master of Public Health program and the new center. “Most of these health disparities are preventable, so the role of public health is essential.”
The general population, on average, is healthier and lives longer than the American Indian population. American Indians have twice the prevalence of diabetes and nearly six times the mortality rate from the disease. In North Dakota, average age at death is 75.7 years for the general population and 54.7 years for American Indians.
“We have many unmet needs in regard to healthcare,” said Phyllis Young, a member of the Standing Rock Tribal Council’s Health, Education and Welfare Committee. “We see this as an opportunity to address some of our health issues and concerns in our tribal communities. The American Indian Public Health Resource Center will provide the opportunity to bring in much needed resources. We look forward to our expanding partnership with NDSU.”
The center will address inequalities in American Indian health and mortality through a four-prong approach:
Public health services and programming: This includes health promotion and disease prevention, such as tobacco cessation, as well as technical assistance with community health needs assessments, public health strategic planning, grant writing and other assessments.
Public health research: Research will follow a model where the tribes determine research priorities—a shift from a researcher-driven model.
Public health education: This will include expanding the American Indian public health workforce by working with tribal colleges to develop public health training programs and build bridge programs to the Master of Public Health program and the American Indian Public Health Graduate Certificate Program. It also will include developing health education materials for a variety of audiences, including community members, the public health workforce, tribal leaders and other stakeholders.
Public health policy: As sovereign nations, tribes can develop their health policies. The center will work with tribes to develop new policies and refine existing policies as well as coordinate policies and data-sharing agreements with state health departments, local public health agencies, Medicare and Medicaid.
“Establishing the resource center will help provide technical assistance to tribal communities in the upper Midwest such as managing their own health systems and operations,” said Shelley Stingley, program director for the Helmsley Charitable Trust’s Rural Healthcare Program. “Through health care self-determination, they will have a better chance to improve disparate health outcomes.”
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