Cherokee Judge Grants Citizenship to Freedmen
A Cherokee Nation District Court judge has granted tribal citizenship to about 2,800 Cherokee Freedmen. In the Treaty of 1866, following the Civil War, the United States made freed slaves citizens of the Cherokee nation; in the Dawes Rolls, published in 1907, Cherokee citizens with any African blood were designated Freedmen and listed as such without blood quantum. The arrangement persisted until 2007, when the Cherokee Nation voted for an amendment to the Cherokee Nation constitution that denied freedmen citizenship. Applications for tribal citizenship, which had been suspended, will start being processed within a month; the Cherokee Nation may file an appeal.