In 2004, the Delaware Nation of Oklahoma, in Anadarko, filed a lawsuit against the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. The Delaware Nation based its lawsuit on “the doctrine of discovery,” and the royal charter that King Charles II of England issued to William Penn in 1681.
Missed Part I? Click here.
In 1892, Burke Aaron Hinsdale delivered a commemoration address at the University of Michigan, entitled “The Discovery of America.” The occasion was the 400th year since Columbus’s first historic voyage from Spain to the Caribbean.
Last week the United States observed another anniversary of 9/11, a date that will remain as a reminder of why the U.S. went to war. 9/11 is the new century’s Gulf of Tonkin. It is not just one day. It is now an era.
I write on September 12 and that is no accident. I was waiting for September 11 to pass, to let people still grieving unspeakable losses have a bit of peace before I say this piece.
September 6 marked 20 years since Anthony “Dudley” George, an unarmed First Nation man, was shot by the Ontario Provincial Police and died.
I had just moved to beautiful Manatee County, Florida. I decided to walk around my new neighborhood, where I had just purchased a mobile home.
In his brilliant book The American Indian in Western Legal Thought (1990) Robert A. Williams says that Chief Justice John Marshall and the other justices of the U.S. Supreme Court “were well aware of the historical paternity of this bastardized” (illegitimate) doctrine of discovery.
Earlier this year I was sitting in my lazy mans chair and started searching for my great grandfather.
The book Writings of Fermín Francisco de Lasuén, Vol. I, translated and edited by Finbar Kenneally, O. F. M.
Settler Colonialism has best been defined as more of an imposed structure than a historical event.
As many Indigenous territories throughout North America once again enter the settler imposed election cycles it might be a good time to revisit the meaning of democracy as we understand it
When Cristobal Colón made landfall on a sandy beach in the Caribbean, he planted the royal standards (flags) of Castile and Aragon and performed a ceremonial act of “discovery and possession.” The “standards” he planted in the soil were physical flags, but those f
Over the past 30 years there has been the emergence of Indigenous economies being developed by Indigenous nations and entrepreneurs.