3D reconstruction of moon rise over Newark Earthworks

A Pow Wow Amongst the Largest Geometric Earthworks Complex in the World

Stephanie Woodard

A rainy night gave way to a bright, sunny day for the opening of the 30th annual Selma Walker Memorial Day Weekend pow wow, sponsored by the Native American Indian Center of Central Ohio (NAICCO), in Columbus.

This year’s location was extraordinary, emphasizing the deep history and powerful spiritual connections of Native people on this continent and in Ohio. As head veteran Richard Brings Them, Hunkpapa Lakota, led the grand entry into the arena, the brilliant colors of the dancers’ regalia stood out against the grass-covered earthen walls of the nearby Great Circle, a 30-acre enclosure that’s part of the 2,000-year-old Newark Earthworks, in Newark and Heath, Ohio.

“This is the first time we’ve had our spring powwow here,” said Carol Welsh, Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, NAICCO director and an organizer of the three-day event. “It’s an honor to be at the Great Circle, to bring people together to feel good about this amazing site and each other.”

The largest geometric earthworks complex in the world, the Newark Earthworks was built between 100 BC and 400 AD by virtuosic astronomers and geometers who encoded the complex 18.61-year cycle of the moon in the placement of giant earthen shapes, including several circles, a square, an octagon and an ellipse.

Originally, there were hundreds of such complexes around Ohio, said Marti Chaatsmith, Comanche/Choctaw and program coordinator of the Newark Earthworks Center (NEC), part of Ohio State University. Nowadays, after centuries of agricultural plowing and development, just a few remain. No one knows what the ancient builders called themselves or even what happened to them after they completed their vast construction project; archaeologists refer to them as “the Hopewell culture,” after a farm where artifacts were found in the 19th century.

Flag Raising

“Like other significant structures around the world, the place itself has a spiritual connection. Having the powwow here reinforces the spiritual bond,” said Welsh, whose mother, Selma Walker, founded NAICCO in 1975. At first, the organization helped Native people new to the Columbus area—assisting with everything from finding employment to enrolling kids in school. “Then my mother felt the community needed to celebrate as well.”

That sentiment endures. “We’re here to celebrate abundance and all those who contributed to our lives today,” emcee Guy Jones, Hunkpapa Lakota, told the gathering as the dancers wound around the arena.

The event had a Lakota-Dakota accent. “The protocol this weekend—the host drum Chaske Hotaine, the songs, the grand entry—is Northern Plains,” said Jones, a co-founder of the Miami Valley Council for Native Americans, in Dayton. There was a strong showing of folks from those communities, who are among the many Native people who emigrated to Ohio over the years, during the 1950s relocation era and afterward to find work.

They were not the only nations represented, though. A quick survey revealed Seminole, Navajo, Inca, Northern Cheyenne, Blackfoot and Cherokee participants. People gossiped, traded stories of home and met old friends.

“It’s a chance to see people who live elsewhere in Ohio and to make sure our children stay in touch with our culture,” said Irving Standing Soldier, Oglala Lakota, who introduced his sons Ken and Sam. “I took my culture for granted, since I grew up on Pine Ridge, but my children are growing up in Ohio, so coming here is important for them.”

Faye Yellow Eagle

The three Standing Soldiers were relaxing in the shade of Faye Yellow Eagle’s crafts booth. “Our children and grandchildren dance, thanks to events like this,” agreed Yellow Eagle, Sicangu Lakota, as she placed beaded earrings, moccasins and other handmade items on a table.

Some people were there to appreciate Native ways. A non-Native vendor of homemade jerky had brought his grandchildren and said the powwow was a great way to introduce them to another culture. “His comfort with the event says a lot,” said Chaatsmith. “We at NEC have worked hard to bring Native issues and people to the public’s attention, and it’s good to know the result is they’re perceived positively.”

Warm community connections make the NAICCO event traditional, according to Welsh. “It’s the original sense of powwow. We have contests, but they don’t predominate.” One event during the weekend was a 5-K walk, from the Great Circle to a part of the earthworks complex called the Ellipse, but the goal wasn’t winning. “It’s a sacred walk,” said Welsh. “We walk on ground our ancestors traversed, and we stop for prayers, so it’s about both spiritual and physical health.”

Walking, dancing, singing and simply being at the ancient earthworks site was a manifestation of continuity, said Welsh: “We are grateful for life and the gifts of the earth. We are grateful we have survived.”

Host Drum

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husbandofmoonlight's picture
Submitted by husbandofmoonlight on
North American Intertribal Missions a private non profit organization dedicated since 1989 to offering ancillary services to Native American children rendered to the custody of any entity outside of their tribal affiliations wishes to announce: In solidarity and colaboration with this PowWow event; choosing this particular site---which stands in "solidarity" with the thousands of other such sites here in the USA---and with the many new discoveries being made annually which mark with them, undeniable and irrefutable evidence of Native American presence on this continent long before the Anglo Eurpoeans accidentally dicovered the hemisphere; THEN misnaming the first site they landed on as "West Indies"----(well, let's face it, they were lost OK? ) Our private non profit organization (NAIM) has a "donor" who has graciously agreed to participate and through such generosity NAIM hereby offers a $15,000.00 (*) prize to the person or persons who can with the same scientific approach "prove" the "identity of the Tribe"----which constructed the site described in this article. * This amount is derived by multiplying the number of years of presently known "habitation" of this continent by Native American people; which presently stands at 15 thousand years. The "prize amount" will be "tax free"--in that "we" (NAIM) will also pay the income taxes such an amount would generate upon the recipient. In celebration of this we will also make the offer to "pay" the amount in "Gold Bars" instead of US Currency which seems to be loosing value daily; this "Gold" having been extracted from the US Continent and present when the "accidental discovery" briefly mentioned above was made. For those who are "readers" we recommend the very fine book "Hidden Cities"---by Roger G. Kennedy (we are not "plugging the book"---just the content) Cahokia "The truth will make you free; but only if you know the truth" Thanks you for your time. Husband of Moonlight Comanche/Kiowa/Miss.Choctaw----Scottish (of Clan McGregor thank you)

araphaoeghost's picture
Submitted by araphaoeghost on
i like the work the center does for native american indians, i am also native american and it is difficult to be accepted by mainstream america whether your experience is from a reservation or not. i would like the opportunity to one day visit my parents ancestors and feel the NATIVE experience!