While some anthropologists use the word "tribe" to signify one stage of cultural development in human evolution, the etymological origins must be understood. Historically, the term "tribe" to Roman colonial expansion, was referred to as "tribus" meaning a conquered people away from the centers of "civilization" at the peripheries of the empire. Prior to the rise of colonialism, many of today’s "tribes" were "nations" or "kingdoms" with whom the Europeans and Americans negotiated on a state to state basis only after these people were subjugated was "tribe" applied to them". It makes sense that the modern day Pequot, Cherokee or other indigenous groups call themselves a "nation" as reclamation of their original status. With the concomitant rise in racist ideology, "tribal" people came to be stereotyped as "inferior, backward, heathen and uncivilized" from the loftiness of the European and colonial perspectives".
Thursday, March 22, 2012 - 18:07