This article is basically a non-starter, simply because this "presidential mandate" to put more Indian people into "positions of power" in the federal government is simply window-dressing for the upcoming presidential election. As a retired federal employee, I know there are basically two ways of getting into a "position of power" (whatever that means) within the federal government: first, you may receive a political appointment if you have an outstanding record of achievement in a particular area, and/or you have political connections with an incoming administration. The second way is through hard work over a period of several years. Most federal agencies promote individuals within their ranks to higher levels of management responsibility. Promotions are generally based upon merit and go to individuals with a talent for managing the activities of others and a thorough knowledge of the agency's operations. This article implies that affirmative action programs in federal government hiring and promotions have not benefited Indian people over the past thirty years.However, there may be a number of reasons why Indian people are not found in the Senior pay scales in the federal government. One reason may be that it is only within the last 10 or 15 years that an appreciable number of young Indian people have been getting college degrees. Most managerial positions within the federal government require that an individual have a college degree. It is only within the past 10 or 15 years that tribal colleges have made a dramatic impact upon the retention rate of students, and the same thing goes for universities. Peterson Zah, the former Navajo President, coordinated an Indian student retention program at Arizona State University with great success, but he recently stated that there was still a great deal of work to be done with college retention programs for Indian students. While I will vote for President Obama again, don't let this "presidential mandate" mislead anyone into thinking that this policy statement will change anything, especially if part of the solution has to come from Indian people themselves.