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Idle No More, Indeed

Winona LaDuke
1/3/13

As Attawapiskat Chief Theresa Spence enters her fourth week on a hunger strike outside the Canadian parliament, thousands of protesters in Los Angeles, London, Minneapolis and New York City, voice their support. Spence and the protesters of the Idle No More Movement, are drawing attention to some deplorable conditions in Native communities, and recently passed legislation C-45, which sidesteps most Canadian environmental laws. "Flash mob" protests with traditional dancing and drumming have erupted in dozens of shopping malls across North America, marches and highway blockades by aboriginal groups across Canada and supporters have emerged from as far away as New Zealand and the Middle East. This weekend, hundreds of Native people and their supporters held a flash mob round dance with hand drum singing, at the Mall of America, again as a part of the Idle No More protest movement. This quickly emerging wave of Native activism on environmental and human rights issues has spread like a wildfire across the continent.

“Idle No More” is Canadian for “that’s enough BS, we’re coming out to stop you,” or something like that. Spence is the leader of Attawapiskat First Nation, a very remote Cree community from James Bay, Ontario. The community’s on reserve 1,549 residents ( a third of whom are under l9) have weathered quite a bit, the fur trade, residential schools, a status as non-treaty Indians, and limited access to modern conveniences- like a toilet, or maybe electricity. This is a bit common place in the north, but it has become exacerbated in the past five years, with the advent of a huge diamond mine.

DeBeers, the largest diamond mining company in the world moved into Cree territory company in 2006 . The company states it is “is committed to sustainable development in local communities.” This is good to know. This is also where the first world meets the third world in the north, as Canadian MP Bob Rae discovered last year on his tour of the rather destitute conditions of the village. There is no road into the village eight months of the year, four months a year, during freeze up , there’s an ice road. A diamond mine needs a lot of infrastructure. And that has to be shipped in, so the trucks launch out of Moosonee, Ontario. Then, they build a better road. The problem is that the road won’t work when the climate changes, and already stretched infrastructure gets tapped out. .” Last year, Attawapiskat drew international attention , when many families in the Cree community were living in tents at minus 40 .

There is some money flowing in. A 2010 report from DeBeers states that payments to eight communities associated with its two mines in Canada totaled $5,231,000. Forbes magazine reports record diamond sales by the "world’s largest diamond company...increased 33 percent, year-over-year, to $3.5 billion. The mining giant, which produces more than a third of the world’s rough diamonds, also reported record EBITDA of almost $1.2 billion, a 55 percent increase over the first the first half of 2010.”

As the Canadian Mining Watch group notes “Whatever Attawapiskat’s share of that $5-million is, given the chronic under-funding of the community, the need for expensive responses to deal with recurring crises, including one that DeBeers themselves may have precipitated by overloading the community’s sewage system, it’s not surprising that the community hasn’t been able to translate its … income into improvements in physical infrastructure . Neighboring Kaschewan is in similar disarray. They have been boiling water, and importing water. The village almost had a complete evacuation due to health conditions, and “ … fuel shortages are becoming more common among remote northern Ontario communities right now,” Alvin Fiddler, Deputy Grand Chief of the Nishnawbe Aski Nation, explained to a reporter. That’s because the ice road used to truck in a year’s supply of diesel last winter did not last as long as usual. “Everybody is running out now. We’re looking at a two-month gap” until this winter’s ice road is solid enough to truck in fresh supplies, Mr. Fiddler said.

Kashechewan’s chief and council are poised to shut down the band office, two schools, the power generation centre, the health clinic and the fire hall because the buildings were not heated and could no longer operate safely. “ In addition some 21 homes had become uninhabitable,” according to Chief Derek Stephen . Those basements had been flooded last spring, as the weather patterns changed. Just as a side note, in 2007, some 21 Cree youth from Kashechewan attempted to commit suicide, and the Canadian aboriginal youth suicide rate is five times the national average. Both communities are beneficiaries of an agreement with DeBeers.

The reality is that these communities would never see the light of media attention, if it wasn’t for Theresa Spence, and probably facebook, twitter and social media. Chief Theresa Spence is still hoping to meet with Prime Minister Stephen Harper, urging him to "open his heart" and meet with native leaders angered by his policies. "He's a person with a heart but he needs to open his heart. I'm sure he has faith in the Creator himself and for him to delay this, it's very disrespectful, I feel, to not even meet with us," she said. Native communities receive little or no attention, until a human rights crisis of great proportion causes national shame. Facebook and social media may change and equalize access for those who never see the spotlight. ( Just think of Arab Spring). With the help of social media the Idle No More movement has taken on a life of its own in much the same way the first "Occupy Wall Street" camp gave birth to a multitude of "occupy" protests with no clear leadership. "This has spread in ways that we wouldn't even have imagined," said Sheelah McLean, an instructor at the University of Saskatchewan , one of the four women who originally coined the "Idle No More" slogan. "What this movement is supposed to do is build consciousness about the inequalities so that everyone is outraged about what is happening here in Canada. Every Canadian should be outraged." Actually, we all should be outraged, and Idle no More.

Winona LaDuke is an Anishinaabekwe (Ojibwe) enrolled member of the Mississippi Band Anishinaabeg who lives and works on the White Earth Reservations, and is the mother of three children. She is also the Executive Director of Honor the Earth, where she works on a national level to advocate, raise public support, and create funding for frontline native environmental groups.

 

 

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Anonymous's picture
Thank you for helping us get a better picture of what's happening. Letting Cheif Spence continue the hunger strike is a national shame. What can we do to help?
Anonymous
Anonymous's picture
Thank you now I know why. The light has come on MONEY diamonds. Standing firm with you all and making my other aware of what is going on.
Anonymous
ribluebird's picture
Thank you I now know what this is all about. The same old story MONEY GREED right along with pipe line. So happy they are getting support from around the world.
ribluebird
Anonymous's picture
With Administrative strategy of 'no comment' or being 'unaware' of any outstanding issues, this Movement must be active and creative to stay in the Media in a positive way. Idle no More can be the action for bringing back integrity to negotiations. Hold Fast
Anonymous
Anonymous's picture
Rage Against the Machine
Anonymous
Anonymous's picture
Chief Theresa Spence may qualify for the Guinness Book of Records. She might be the richest person ever to go on a hunger strike (~$300,000 per year household income). I wonder if the drum beaters and dancers for Idle No More know about this? I would like to see a response from Theresa on this point. It is not that I don't have compassion for those who are suffering due to the problems being protested. I'm just trying to understand the thinking of the Chiefs who earn similar salaries while so many of their people suffer apparent poverty.
Anonymous
Anonymous's picture
I would like to know if Chief Teresa Spence used part of the millions she recieved from DeBeers to buy her $80,000 Cadillac Escalade? Gosh is that a diamond ring on her finger? Why during the last audit by Deloitte in August 2012 did it say that 81% of payouts did not contain receipts or documentation? Seems to me the band chiefs get all the money and if you piss a chief off, you will reside in a home with no water or sewer. 80% of women on reserves have been sexually assaulted by their own band members. Why is nothing said about that?
Anonymous
Amir's picture
I am a native linvig south of many remote first nations communities,This is what concerns me -where is the money being spent that has been alocated to the reserves already money has been sent to many reserves to improve drinkingwater..where did it go?-What type of home does the chief and band councilers live in?I know for sure homes have been built in many reserves as i worked at assembling houses for first nation communities..this is sad but i have a story that goes untold..we had 12 units that we were renovating in a reserve what we did was moved a family into a freshly renovated house while there home was being redone..after the homes was finsihed we would move the family back into there house that was completed..what i seen made me ashamed to be native..one week after they moved in i came back for a paint touchup and..all cupboard doors were removed and burned in the woodstove..doors removed and burned.door trim baseboards all burned why why why???This is just one story i have..why do these stories never get reported..who is to blame,,,why do native kids drop out of school at the 4th grade??Why do the chiefs and there family all drive new vehicles, have new snowmachines every year,,why..why are native people suffering??why why whyI am sad to say but where has all the millions of dollars that is given to the reserves gone who is responsible for this money. i would like answers from the band council and chief..what are they doing for there people while they are warm in there houses.they are the leaders
Amir
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