‘Killer of Enemies’ Brings Apache Warrior Lozen to Life
Q: Loss of horses is tough on Lozen. What would that mean in reality for Natives? How would it affect the culture?
The loss of the horses is, you might say, a complicated symbol of what Native people have experienced since the arrival of Europeans in this hemisphere. And of adaptation. Consider the fact that all of the horse herds of America did not exist in the 15th century. They were descended from animals brought by the Spanish. These new animals were Spirit Dogs, as some of the Plains languages described them. Yet the Native nations of the Great Plains built an entirely new culture around them within a few generations. That is amazing. Look at it this way. We were Native people before the horse. We remained Native people with the horse. And if the horse disappeared again, we would surely mourn the loss. But we would still remain Native people.
And… if I get to write a sequel to Killer of Enemies as I hope to do, there just might be a little more to learn about that subject of the loss of the horses.
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