Mary Annette Pember
Supporters in the Sing Our Rivers Red march carry signs as they walk under the Veterans Bridge along the Red River in Fargo, North Dakota. The bridge underpass has been the site of several sexual assaults of indigenous women.

Sorrow Like a River: Forcing the World to Listen

Mary Annette Pember

This piece was published in partnership with Rewire. This is the second installment of a three-part series about the missing and murdered Native women in the United States and Canada.

Most advocates for missing and murdered indigenous women are motivated by the loss of family member or friend as well as ongoing stories of loss in their communities.

When Makoons Miller Tanner works on her volunteer blog, she often thinks of her grandmother, who passed away in the 1940s, long before she was born. “She was in her 20s when she was killed. The authorities declared her death to be the result of her hitting her head on a rock after a seizure. This for a woman with no history of a seizure disorder,” Miller Tanner said. “She hit her head on that rock nearly 75 times.”

Her family still speaks of the hurt and anger over the injustice surrounding her grandmother’s death. After hearing the story repeated many times, she grew determined to contribute somehow to helping others find justice for their loved ones.

RELATED: Missing and Murdered: No One Knows How Many Native Women Have Disappeared

“Her story has been an inspiration for me to keep going,” said Miller Tanner.

She began keeping her blog in December 2015 and has completed almost 200 profiles of missing/murdered Native women in the U.S. and Canada. During the course of the work she has noticed that if Native women have any sort of criminal history, they don’t get treated as deserving victims.

She also noted a tendency to disregard spates of murders if police determine that they were not the work of a serial killer. “It’s like there is less danger to the broader community. It’s just Indians drinking and killing each other; it’s business as usual,” she said.

Advocates like Miller Tanner, the Wiyabe Project and the Sing Our Rivers Red (SORR) group, however, are building a wave of resistance to the longstanding indifference surrounding missing and murdered women in their communities.

SORR with its symbolic focus on the Red River, which flows north from the U.S. to Canada, has helped unite Indigenous Peoples from both countries in their common concern over violence against women in their communities.

In 2014, seven bodies of indigenous women were found in the Red River, which flows through Winnipeg.

The Red River has become the most recent focal point of the missing and murdered indigenous women issue in Canada. Volunteers have organized to drag the river, hoping to find remains of some of the dozens of women reported missing each year in Canada.

Winnipeg police, however, decline to help these efforts, calling them inefficient allocation of law enforcement resources.

With the help of public donations, families, friends and supporters banded together and dragged the river, desperately hoping to find clues to the whereabouts of loved ones.

According to advocates such as Clinton Alexander, director of the Native American Center of Fargo, secluded spots along the river in and around Fargo are known as dangerous places for indigenous women.

Located in east central North Dakota and close to bordering Minnesota, Fargo is a well-known stopping off place for Native peoples enroute to the various reservations in this vast area.

Native people make up a large portion of the homeless population here. “People turn a blind eye to violence that occurs among a population that they see as marginal. There’s an attitude that women who are on the streets are “bad victims” and don’t deserve help and support,” he said.

Alexander said that systematic and collective racism among the community and law enforcement contributes to Native women’s fear of reporting sexual assault. As Jacqueline Aqtuca of the National Indigenous Women’s Resource and U .S. Associate Attorney General Thomas Perrelli of the Department of Justice have noted, sexual violence directly contributes to increased incidents of women going missing. “We encourage them to report the incidents to police but they say, “What’s the point? Police won’t do anything.”


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