Native History

Robert Aquinas McNally
6/1/16
When Modoc leader Kientpoos—known to whites by the nickname Captain Jack—stepped out of a cave in Willow Creek Canyon in northeastern California’s vast volcanic plateau and lay dow...
simpson-scalp-captain-jack
Robert Aquinas McNally
4/20/16
His name was William Simpson, a journalist from Great Britain who covered the Modoc War for six days in late April 1873...
Dakota 38 Mankato Massacre
Konnie LeMay
12/26/15
A ghost of Christmas past haunts the Dakota to this day—the ghost of a great injustice to 38 men hanged the day after Christmas in 1862, of injustice to 265 others also convicted i...
Vincent Schilling
9/6/15
A California State University, Sacramento professor who allegedly told his United States History class he did not like the term ‘genocide’ in relation to Native Americans in histor...
Lynn Armitage
7/23/15
History was never my favorite subject in school...
Lee Surrenders to Grant at Appomattox
ICTMN Staff
4/20/15
As this country celebrates the Civil War Sesquicentennial, there is one Native American who lived during that time who deserves mentioning...
Alysa Landry
3/25/15
Lillie Ann Begaye was 12 years old when her entire world turned white. It was mid-December 1967 and snow had fallen on the Navajo Nation for days...
Max D. Stanley Trail of Tears
ICTMN Staff
3/6/15
This persuasive essay was submitted to ICTMN by Matthew Scraper, Megan Scraper’s father. Megan, 12, is a student at Marlow Middle School in Oklahoma...
Wounded Knee Escort Horses
ICTMN Staff
2/27/15
On February 27, 1973, some 250 Sioux Indians led by members of the American Indian Movement converged on South Dakota’s Pine Ridge Reservation, launching the famous 71-day occupati...
Ohlone Singers Gold Greed Genocide
Marc Dadigan
1/28/15
Though often romanticized in history textbooks, museum exhibits and government park displays, the Gold Rush era in California is remembered by many California Indians as a time whe...

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